Back to Square One – Part 5

You will recall that in “Back to Square One – Part 4“, I mentioned that we will be, in this series, touching on some of the “bigger steps” in this bird’s eyes overview of how God has revealed of Himself to His creation, and some of the “bigger steps” will include individuals such as Abraham, Isaac, Joseph, Moses and David. And I do indeed intend on touching on each of those individuals, but before I go there, there is one individual that I just have to mention and that individual is Job.

The book of Job is perhaps the oldest book of the Bible and is set in the approximate time of the patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Joseph). The land of Uz, as noted in Job 1:1, is directly adjacent to Midian, where Moses lived for 40 years. It is important to note that the book of Job was probably written before Israel became a nation, as chosen by God, and before the Law was given by God, through Moses, to Israel. The author of Job is unknown and there are no textual hints as to his identify. It has been suggested that it is conceivable that Moses may have obtained a record of the dialogue left by Job or Elihu. For some interesting background and considerations about Elihu, click here.

We aren’t always told how people like Job or Noah, as examples, came to know what was considered clean and unclean, accepted or not accepted by God, in their relationship with God, bearing in mind that this time period was prior to the specifics of the Law being identified in a detailed written format that we are aware of. Yet we see, in many instances, before the Law was given, that men of God were indeed aware of many of the fundamental reasonings and principles behind the Law and as such, in each case where an individual is identified, such as Job, what is recorded is that they endeavoured to walk with God and it is noted that they had reverence for God and abstained from and turned away from evil because they chose to honour God.

There is a lot of very detailed information that is presented to the reader of the book of Job that I obviously don’t have time to cover, which does very clearly show that Job understood his personal position of being unholy or unclean, when he compared himself in his communion of trust and faith with God, who is holy. Job notes on numerous occasions that God has chosen to cover his wickedness and transgressions (Job 14:16-17), but there is one particular section of Scripture that I do wish to draw your attention to which is found in Job 19:25-27 which reads as follows:

As for me, I know that my Redeemer lives,
And at the last He will take His stand on the earth.
“Even after my skin is destroyed,
Yet from my flesh I shall see God;
Whom I myself shall behold,
And whom my eyes will see and not another.
My heart faints within me!

The concept of a kinsman-redeemer in the Old Testament, is a male relative who, according to various laws of the Pentateuch, had the privilege or responsibility to act on behalf of a relative who was in trouble, danger, or need. The Hebrew term (go el) for kinsman-redeemer designates one who delivers or rescues (Genesis 48:16; Exodus 6:6) or redeems property or person (Leviticus 27:9–25, 25:47–55). The kinsman who redeems or vindicates a relative is illustrated most clearly in the book of Ruth, where the kinsman-redeemer is Boaz. 

We see this concept being displayed, as God being the Redeemer, where Yahweh is Israel’s Redeemer, the one who promises to defend and vindicate them. He is both Father and Deliverer (Exodus 20:2). There are numerous Old Testament appeals to God as rescuer of the weak and needy (Psalm 82:4; Daniel 6:27; Jeremiah 20:13) and preserver of the sheep of Israel (Ezekiel 34:10–12, 22).

But here in Job 14:16-17 we see Job not just talking about an ordinary redeemer but a special Redeemer who lives and in the last days will take His stand on the earth and even though Job’s body is destroyed, yet in his own flesh shall he see God, with his own eyes and not the eyes on another, and his heart faints within him because of what he has been shown.

This declaration that Job makes demonstrates that Job not only understood his own position of being a sinner, whose sins needed to be and were covered, but the need for a divine Redeemer, who is God Himself, who will stand upon the earth in the last days and that Job himself, will see with his own eyes in a new body, that which he has been revealed to him, even though his body of flesh has long since died. And of course, because we have been given the New Testament, the new revealed covenant, that Jesus sealed with His blood, we know that He who will stand upon the earth in the last days is none other than Jesus.

Matthew 24:30 NASB

“And then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky with power and great glory.”

Note this is in the book of Job, the book that many think is the oldest book of the Old Testament.

I don’t know about you but I find the reality of what Job was shown and aware of, simply amazing.

God our Heavenly Father, Jesus the Son and God’s Holy Spirit have revealed of themselves (triplural yet singular), throughout the entirety of the Old and New Testaments and this revealing is both partial, in that it progressively reveals aspects of God’s character, purposes, thoughts and ways and yet, at the same time, when viewed from an all inclusive perspective, beginning at Genesis to the end of Revelation, the divine purpose and fulfilment of God’s will, can be clearly seen.

So, perhaps Job, Abraham and others within the Old Testament didn’t see ALL that we have been given to see, but never say that they didn’t see because Jesus Himself tells us that they did.

John 8:56 NASB
“Your father
Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad.”

Luke 9:28-36 NASB
“Some eight days after these sayings, He took along
 Peter and John and James, and went up on the mountain to pray.  And while He was praying, the appearance of His face became different, and His clothing became white and gleaming.  And behold, two men were talking with Him; and they were Moses and Elijah, who, appearing in glory, were speaking of His departure which He was about to accomplish at Jerusalem.  Now Peter and his companions had been overcome with sleep; but when they were fully awake, they saw His glory and the two men standing with Him.  And as these were leaving Him, Peter said to Jesus, “Master, it is good for us to be here; let us make three tabernacles: one for You, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah”—not realizing what he was saying.  While he was saying this, a cloud formed and began to overshadow them; and they were afraid as they entered the cloud.  Then a voice came out of the cloud, saying, “This is My Son, My Chosen One; listen to Him!” And when the voice had spoken, Jesus was found alone. And they kept silent, and reported to no one in those days any of the things which they had seen.

More to follow:

Worthy is the Lamb! Blessings!





    • I know what you mean. It’s mind boggling when you stop to think about it. I find it’s like a paint by numbers picture that as time goes by, the picture keeps on getting filled in until you come to that place where you just say “Wow”. How can anyone not see that! God loves you and I love you brother, have a blessed day!

      Liked by 1 person

  1. Great reflections! Job is an interesting study on a whole host of levels! I wish more people loved the OT and Hebrews the way that you do Papa Bruce! May the Spirit keep leading, speaking and guiding You through His Word for your personal edification and to share what You have learned/observers with us! Blessings to you and Peggy!


  2. There is a simple answer about how Noah knew about clean and unclean etc. You wont exactly like the answer but I think its true.
    Noah and all he did was not written in the bible by Noah. It was written in by Moses or “his people” putting together the Torah.
    So, there are genealogies and stories which Moses could have not known first hand. So its obvious to me, Noah took some documents with him on the Ark. Its also obvious to me that those documents are used as references when the writers wrote the Torah.
    So its also obvious that the Writers had licence and tainted information with a more modern view of that information.
    There is tinkering done both at that level and then after the fact seen by the thousands of edits done and recorded in our bibles in the footnotes.

    Still there is nothing wrong with editing as long as it does not change the message. It happened and every effort has been done in a drastic way to get the oldest most accurate versions and so far its been good. The dead sea scrolls showed us that there is no significant issue with the scriptures and they are not altered in any drastic way and we know those details as well.

    And I trust that when Moses had his people record the events that Noah and others had written down they did their due diligence. It shows because there is very little information actually from before the flood. Any fake story would have used as much time on those things as it did on its own things, but its clear that when there is History made by Moses there is lots and lots of details. But the stuff they did not have first hand knowledge of, they had a trimmed down account.

    I also think that is why there are two creation stories right up front. I believe Noah took what he had or could get a hold of by those he knew pre-flood and those two accounts made it and then Moses put them in. And those documents would have been very precious to everyone at that point.


    • I have a long section of links that deal with “textual criticism” on the OT on my Christian Resources page (see Old Testament and Textual Criticism) that might conflict with some of your assumptions Scott but you’re obviously welcome to state your opinion. Blessings.

      Liked by 1 person

      • Textual Criticism is good stuff. Its the weeds, and some of it is real good, some of it is Opinion.
        I try to stick with the obvious so I don’t get to controversial. Most are worried about the over all statement that the bible has had some tinkering. They worry it lowers its authenticity. I disagree with that. And I think there is such an obvious point that there has been tinkering that we cant avoid that truth. The answer to me is that all of it is basically superficial and the Oldest documents show that the documents we have are not left field of what was originally written. All it shows is there is some tiny petty alterations by some scribes or some omissions and they are seen documented in the margins. So the word is still authoritative. The content is beautiful and inspired.

        Liked by 1 person

  3. I love that passage – especially when it’s sung in Handel’s “Messiah.”
    A bit of trivia: in Genesis there is a genealogy where someone named Jobab is mentioned (Genesis 10:29) who some have suggested might be Job.


    • Hi Ann, I know Handel’s Messiah well, used to sing it in a choir many years ago. I think that I’ve read somewhere that Jobab might be Job too but forgot about it until you mentioned it. Thanks so much for touching base, always appreciated. Blessings!


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