No evidence for the Biblical Exodus? Think again. This new post authored by Bryan Windle from biblearchaeological.org from July 2022 indicates otherwise. Enjoy!
The account of God raising up Moses to lead the people of Israel out of slavery in Egypt is one of the most important biblical events. In fact, it is the most frequently mentioned event in the entire Old Testament, referred to over 120 times in subsequent stories, laws, poems, Psalms, historical writings, and prophecies.1 In addition, there have been 3,500 years of almost unbroken Passover celebrations. The Exodus is such a seminal event in Hebrew history that it stretches credulity to suggest, as some critics do, that it did not have a historical basis.
Is there archaeological evidence for the Israelite exodus from Egypt? I believe there is, provided one recognizes the limits of archaeology and looks in the correct time period. First, one would not expect to find Egyptian inscriptions directly referencing the plagues or the Exodus, as royal inscriptions never included negative reports about the Pharaoh and his armies.2 Moreover, the Israelites wandered in the desert as nomads for 40 years, leaving little, if any, cultural remains due to their transient nature. This doesn’t mean that there is no evidence of the Exodus; it means one needs to look for the correct things (i.e., evidence of the decline of Egyptian society) and not expect to find the remains of Hebrew campsites in the desert. Secondly, one needs to look in the correct time period for clues to the Exodus. Fortunately, the Bible gives ample chronological data relating to this event. First Kings 6:1 says that it was “in the four hundred and eightieth year after the people of Israel came out of the land of Egypt” that Solomon began building the temple. A straightforward reading of this verse places the Exodus in 1446 BC.3 This timeframe is affirmed by numerous other passages: Judges 11:26–27, Acts 13:19–20, and the number of generations listed 1 Chronicles 6:33–38.4 Thus, one needs to look in the 15th century BC for evidence of the Exodus, not the 13th century BC as some scholars claim.5
Here, then, are the top ten discoveries related to Moses and the Exodus that I believe are evidence of the historicity of the biblical account.
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Worthy is the Lamb! Blessings!
Very interesting article, Bruce! Thanks.
My pleasure, Tom. Blessings!
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Attempting to align biblical history with secular history and archaeology is a fascinating topic. If you ever have a spare month (LOL), I would be interested in your thoughts on this website (http://www.displaceddynasties.com/), which goes into incredible depth and detail and claims to correct the secular historical Egyptian chronology to match the biblical timeline, using primary sources and arguably reasonable inferences.
He identifies the person of Joseph within the Egyptian historical accounts, as well as the Pharaoh of the exodus, and resolves several other apparent discrepancies between the biblical account and the current scholarly understanding of Egyptian history, aligning them with the biblical account. I found it to be an utterly fascinating and persuasive read, but then Egyptian history is not my wheelhouse, so I can’t really vouch for the work, although I certainly believe the bible to be inerrant, so that alone speaks in favor of his conclusions.
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